# Addition and Subtraction of Measuring Capacity | How to Add and Subtract Liters and Milliliters?

If you are confused about the addition and the subtraction of capacity? you landed on the correct page where you will get plenty of information. This article explains the relation between liter and milliliter, how to add and subtract the capacities. You can also check the solved examples of addition and subtraction of capacities for a better understanding of the concept.

## How to Add and Subtract Capacity Measurements?

We will discuss the addition and subtraction of measuring capacity. In doing addition/subtraction we may convert one type of unit to another unit. So we must know the relation between the units. The standard unit of measuring capacity is a liter and the smaller unit is a milliliter. In a short notation, it can be specified as l and milliliter as ml. The smallest quantities are measured in ml.

### Relationship between liter (l) and milliliter (ml)

We know that one of the 1000 parts of a liter (l) is called a milliliter (ml).

So, 1 liter = 1000 milliliter
or, 1 l = 1000 ml
and, 1000 ml = 1 l

## Adding Liters and Milliliters Examples

Consider some examples of addition and subtraction of measuring capacity in liters and milliliters.

Example 1:
A milk container holds 35 l and 850 ml of milk. Out of it, 10 l and 250 ml milk are consumed. Find how many liters of milk is left in the can now?
Solution:
Quantity of milk in the milk container = 35 l 850 ml
Quantity of milk consumed = 10 l 250 ml
Quantity of milk left        = 35 l 850 ml – 10 l 250 ml
Thus,
l     ml
35  850
-10  250
25   600
850 ml – 250 ml = 600ml
35 l – 10 l = 25 l
=25 l 600 ml
Therefore, quantity of milk left = 7 l 150 ml

Example 2:
(i) Add  the capacities of 348 ml and 451 ml
Solution:
348 ml
+ 451 ml
799     ml
Therefore, Addition of 348 ml,451 ml is 799ml.
(ii) Subtract 143 from 798 ml
Solution:
798 ml
– 143 ml
655 ml
Therefore, Subtraction of 143 ml from 798 ml is 655 ml

Example 3:
In a water tin, there are 25 liters of water and in another water tin there are 10 liters of water. How much water is there in the two water tins?
Solution:
Quantity of water in the first water tin=25 l
Quantity of water in the second water tin=10 l
Quantity of water in both water tins=25 l+10 l
=35 l
Therefore, water in both tins= 35 l

Example 4:
Add the capacities of 25 l 925 ml and 5 l 753 ml convert into ml.
Solution:
We know 1 l=1000 ml
Now convert l into ml by multiplying with 1000 and then add both numbers.
25 l 925 ml=25(1000)+925 ml
= 25000+925 ml
=25925 ml
5 l 753 ml=5(1000)+753 ml
=5000+753 ml
=5753 ml
1 1
25925   ml
+5753          ml
31678     ml
Therefore, the addition of 25 l 925 ml and 5 l 753 ml is 31 l 678 ml.

Example 5:
Subtract the capacity of 163 l-23l
Solution:
153   l
-23  l
130   l
Therefore, the subtraction of 153 l -23 l=130 l

Example 6:
A tank holds 435 liters of water. 125 liters of water is pumped out from it. How much quantity of water is now left in the tank?
Solution:
Water in the tank=435 l
Water pumped out of the tank=125 l
Quantity of water left= 435-125 l
435    l
-125   l
310    l
Therefore, Quantity of water left=310 l

Example 7:
Subtract 52 l 580 ml from 85 l 368 ml
Solution:
580>368 we can not subtract 580 from 368.
1l is borrowed from 85, 368 becomes 1368, and 85 becomes 84.
Now subtract 580 from 1368
1368-580=788 ml
write 788 under ml column
Subtract 52 from 84
84-52=32
Write 32 under l column.
l     ml
85  368
-52  580
32   788
Therefore, subtraction of 85 l 368 ml-52 l580 ml is 32 l 788 ml

Example 8:
Subtract 18 l 456 ml from 58 l 323 ml
Solution:
456>323
we can not subtract 456 from 323.
1l is borrowed from 58, 323 becomes 1323, and 58 becomes 57.
Now subtract 456 from 1323
1323-456=867 ml
write 867 under ml column
Subtract 18 from 58
58-18=30
Write 30 under l column.
l       ml
58   323
-18    456
30     867
Therefore, subtraction of 58 l 323 ml-18 l456 ml is 30 l 867 ml

Example 9:
Add 88 l 218 ml from 11 l 321 ml
Solution:
l     ml
8 8  218
+1 1   321
9 9    539
Therefore, the addition of 88 l 218 ml and 11 l 321 ml is 99l 539 ml.