Dividing 1-Digit Number – Definition, Examples | How to Divide 1 Digit Numbers by 1 Digit Numbers?

The division is one of the four basic arithmetic operations, the other three are addition, subtraction, and multiplication. It is a method of splitting a group of items into equal parts. It is an inverse of the multiplication operation. The division is represented by the symbol ÷ or /. The four different parts of terms of division are dividend, divisor, quotient, and remainder. The result of division is called the quotient and remainder, the number involves in the division is called dividend and divisor.

Dividing 1-Digit Number means both dividend and divisor are single-digit numbers. Students can have a look at the detailed steps of finding the division of one-digit numbers along with the solved questions in the below sections.

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What is Dividing 1-Digit Number?

One digit number is the number that is between 0 and 9. The formula of division is Dividend ÷ Divisor = Quotient + Remainder. The process of division is expressing the repeated subtraction in a short form. The division of 6 by 3 means dividing 6 items into 3 groups, so that each group has 2 items. In this example, 6 is the dividend, 3 is the divisor, 2 quotients and 0 is the remainder. We are giving the complete details about the division of 1-digit number in the following section.

How to Divide Single Digit Numbers?

The two simple methods of division are repeated subtraction and actual division. We will know about each of them in this section.

Repeated Subtraction:

  • In this process, you need to subtract the dividend from the divisor.
  • Again subtract the obtained number from the divisor.
  • Continue the process until you left a number that is less the divisor.
  • The number of times subtraction is done is called the quotient and the leftover number is called the remainder.

There are 8 packs of biscuits. How many children can get a biscuit packet if 2 packets are given to each child?
The first child gets 2 packs of biscuits so, 8 – 2 = 6 packs remain
The second children get 2 packs of biscuits so 6 – 2 = 4 packs remain
The third child gets 2 packs of biscuits so 4 – 2 = 2 packs remain
Fourth child gets 2 packs so 2 – 2 = 0 packs remain.
Therefore, 4 child gets each 2 packs of biscuits.


  • Write the dividend, divisor in the format provided in the example question.
  • Remember the multiplication table of the divisor and check the number which is less than or exactly matches the dividend.
  • Write the multiplier at the quotient and subtract obtained number from the dividend.
  • The obtained number after subtraction is called the remainder.

Find 6 ÷ 2?
Dividing 1-Digit Number 1
Here, 6 is the dividend, 2 is the divisor, 3 is the quotient and 0 is the remainder.
Therefore, 6 ÷ 2 = 3.

Practice Questions on Dividing 1-Digit Number

Example 1:
Find 9 ÷ 3?
Dividing 1-Digit Number 2
9 divided by 3 equals 3 with a remainder of 0.
Here, 9 is the dividend, 3 is the divisor, 3 is the quotient and zero is the remainder.
We can express this as 3 x 3 = 9 or 9 ÷ 3 = 3.

Example 2:
Calculate 8 ÷ 4 using division and repeated subtraction methods?
Dividing 1-Digit Number 3
8 divided by 4 equals 2 with a remainder of 0.
The repeated subtraction process is
8 – 4 = 4
4 – 4 = 0
The subtraction takes 2 times. So the quotient is 2, the remainder is zero.
Here, the dividend is 8, the divisor is 4.
Therefore, 8 ÷ 4 = 2.

Example 3:
Ramu has 6 rupees with him. He went to a store to buy pens, each pen costing 3 rupees. How many pens did he buy with the amount he had?
Given that,
At first, Ramu has 6 rupees
The cost of each pen is 3 rupees
So, he would buy 6 ÷ 3 pens.
Dividing 1-Digit Number 4
6 divided by 3 equals 2 with a remainder of 0.
Therefore, Ramu will buy 2 pens.

FAQ’s of Dividing One Digit Number

1. What is meant by division?
The division is the process of distributing a group of items into equal parts. It is the opposite of multiplication. The main goal of the division is to see how many equal groups or how many items in each group when sharing fairly.

2. How do you use multiplication for dividing 1 digit numbers?
Write the multiplication table of the divisor. Later, check which multiple of the divisor is equal to less than the dividend. Write the multiple at the quotient. Subtract the obtained number from the dividend to get the remainder.

3. Write the special facts about the division?
The special facts about the division process are mentioned here:

  • The division of something by 1 is always the original number.
  • The division of a number by 0 is undefined.
  • The division has the same dividend and the divisor is always 1.

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